Alcohol Intoxication Treatment

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Intoxication affects the way consent works in first aid and emergency medical situations. In all cases (intoxicated or not), victims of a medical emergency must give permission for a rescuer to help. It's required for the victim to understand the necessity of medical treatment before agreeing to any help, as well as understanding the consequences of refusing treatment. Victims must also know the possible side effects of any treatment they receive.

To determine the relationship between frequent alcohol intoxication and HIV risk behavior of people in alcohol treatment.

The Effects of Alcohol

Intoxication can have a number of effects on a person, particularly on the brain, as it is very sensitive to alcohol. Treatment for alcoholism is sometimes necessary for people addicted to this substance. Alcohol has nearly immediate effects on the body. The reason for this is that it requires no digestion, unlike other foods. The higher the blood alcohol content is in the body, the greater the effects of alcohol.

Treatment

Alcohol-related disorders are treated by the administration of adenosine antagonists and adenosine agonists to a host. Adenosine antagonists are used to inhibit both acute intoxication and chronic dependence by administering prior to alcohol consumption. The symptoms associated with alcohol withdrawal syndrome may be treated by administering adenosine agonists which reduce the physiological dependence on alcohol during the withdrawal period.

Treatment with glutamic acid reduced pathological manifestations and increased the adaptive capacities of the organism. Functional and morphological changes observed in laboratory animals after treatment with the neurometabolic compound glutamic acid could be classified as reversible.

In severe cases-those of severe stupor and coma-the person should be intubated (breathing tube placed in airway) to support respirations (which may stop spontaneously) and to protect the lungs from filling with vomit.

Intubation involves placing a short, flexible plastic tube into the windpipe to just below the vocal cords and connecting the tube to a respirator machine. The tip of the tube has a small donut-shaped balloon around it, which is inflated to seal the end of the tube to the inside of the windpipe.

In most people, the liver metabolizes about 10 grams of ethanol per hour. This corresponds to a BAC fall of about 20 mg/dL per hour. Thus, the length of time a person (and family) will need to wait until discharge may be expressed by the formula (BAC-100)/20 = the wait in hours. Example: The BAC from a blood sample drawn at midnight is 280. (280-100)/20 = 9. The BAC should fall to 100 mg/dL by 9 am (midnight plus 9 hours).

A social worker may talk with the intoxicated person prior to discharge from the hospital. The social worker may advise the person to go to an alcohol treatment center. This is an extremely difficult situation because many people either don't recognize their problem, if they are chronic drinkers, or don't have any desire to correct the situation.
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